In about 90 percent of scolioses, the triggering cause remains unknown.
This so-called idiopathic form of scoliosis plays a major role in childhood and adolescence and is referred to as juvenile or adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Since it usually causes no symptoms initially, scoliosis is often discovered by outsiders, especially by the parents of affected children. The female sex is significantly more frequently affected in the ratio 4: 1.
In a scoliosis, the lateral deviation of the spine is clearly visible.
Scoliosis can be diagnosed by physical examination
Scoliosis can usually be diagnosed on the basis of physical examination; the X-ray image provides information about the extent of the changes.
The Adams test is the safe method to diagnose scoliosis without an X-ray.
The therapy depends on the cause, the age of the person affected and the degree of malposition. In the case of incipient scolioses, primarily physiotherapeutic measures (Schroth therapy) are in the foreground. Later, treatment with a scoliosis brace in combination with physiotherapy is added.
The Chêneau Corset
The gold standard of scoliosis treatment is the Chêneau corset and its derivatives. In particular, the further developments of the concept according to Dr. Rigo MD. Distinct scolioses are surgically corrected. With early adequate therapy mostly good healing prospects exist.